RU 486 (also known as Mifepristone, Mifeprex or medication abortion) is a progesterone blocker. It terminates a pregnancy that has already been implanted. An abortion using RU-486 requires three visits to the clinic using at least two drugs. For many, a fourth visit for a surgical abortion is required. RU-486 blocks the hormones that tell the woman’s body that it needs to continue preparing for pregnancy. When these hormones are blocked, a normal pregnancy is ended and the baby starves to death and detaches. The second drug, Misoprostol is given to expel the dead baby. This procedure is supposed to be used only for very early abortions. RU-486 will not abort an ectopic pregnancy.
Visit 1: There is a review of the medication guide which outlines the procedure, side effects and risks. A patient agreement form is signed. A pelvic exam is made and the patient takes three tablets (200 mg each) of Mifeprex( RU-486).
Visit 2: Two days after taking the RU-486, the patient returns for a dose of Misoprostol (also known as Cytotec). Misoprostol starts uterine contractions, cramping and bleeding. This continues up to 60 days until the dead baby is expelled. During this time the patient is at home, without benefit of medical services.
Visit 3: About two weeks after taking RU-486 the patient must return to ensure that the baby has been expelled. In one out of 12 pregnancies the baby is still alive in the mother. In many cases, the surviving baby will have a birth defect.
Visit 4: If the drug has not worked, a surgical abortion will then be recommended which includes additional serious risks including infertility and death.
**after the 7th week of pregnancy, effectiveness of RU-486 drops below a level the FDA (US Federal Drug Administration) considers “safe”. Did you know that at the 7th week of pregnancy, the baby in the womb is completely formed, blood vessels and sex cells have formed, the baby’s heart is beating, the baby’s brain is divided into three parts for emotion and language, hearing and seeing, the baby’s blood is separate from the mother’s, 99% of the muscles are present, and brain activity is detectable, buds of the baby’s milk teeth appear. The mother will see the baby be expelled from her when the drugs take effect.**
*intense cramping and contractions (similar to labour)
*excessive bleeding (bleeding is a major contributor in the reported deaths from taking RU-486
*bleeding can last up to 90 days
*the dead baby can be seen when expelled
Is RU-486 dangerous? yes!
**RU-486 is illegal in Canada because a woman participating in the clinical trials, died from septic shock due to a bacterial infection related to the abortion. (see details at www.kcrtl.org/National News/RU 486/Woman dies in ru 486.htm) However, there is a M & M procedure during which Methotrexate is injected, poisoning the baby’s metabolism. The baby can sometimes survive after the injection of Methotrexate and thusMisopropyl tablets are inserted into the woman’s vagina three days afterward, causing violent uterine contractions and expelling the baby, often decapitating him or her.